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​Significant, relevant content that we wish the students to explore and know about, taking into consideration their prior experience and understanding.


​Powerful ideas that have relevance within the subject areas but also transcend them and that students must explore and re-explore in order to develop a coherent, in-depth understanding.


​Those capabilities that the students need to demonstrate to succeed in a changing, challenging world, which may be disciplinary or transdisciplinary in nature.


​Demonstrations of deeper learning in responsible behavior through responsible action; a manifestation in practice of the other essential elements.​

© International Baccalaureate